King George III Hanover of England1,2

M, #10429, b. 24 May 1738, d. 29 January 1820
Father*Prince Frederick Lewis (of Wales)2 b. 31 Jan 1707, d. 31 Mar 1751
Mother*Augusta (of Saxe-Gotha-Altenberg)2 b. 30 Nov 1719, d. 8 Feb 1772
Relationship13th cousin 6 times removed of Robert Michael Damon
Reference1VG5-T2N

Names and TItles

Titled: King of England (George III) from 1760 to 1820.2
     King George III Hanover of England was born on 24 May 1738 at Norfolk-House, St. James Square, London, England, to, son of Prince Frederick Lewis (of Wales) and Augusta (of Saxe-Gotha-Altenberg).1 King George III Hanover of England was the son of Prince Frederick Lewis (of Wales) and Augusta (of Saxe-Gotha-Altenberg).2 King George III Hanover of England was christened on 4 June 1738 at Norfolk House, Westminster, Middlesex, England.1 He married Margaret Frances Sheldon, daughter of William Sheldon and Margaret Frances Disney.1 King George III Hanover of England married Hannah Lightfoot, daughter of Mathew Lightfoot and Mary Wheeler, on 17 April 1759.1 King George III Hanover of England married Sophia Charlotte (of Mecklenburg-Strelitz), daughter of Charles Louis Frederick (of Mecklenburg) and Duchess Elizabeth Albertin, on 8 September 1761 at St. James's Palace.1,2 King George III Hanover of England died on 29 January 1820 at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England, at age 81.1 He was buried on 16 February 1820 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.1
     George III was the longest reigning of male British monarchs. Born on June 4, 1738, he was the son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and the grandson of George II. He succeeded his grandfather in 1760, his father having died in 1751. George had high but impractical ideas of kingship. On his accession he sought to rule without regard to party, to banish corruption from political practice, and to abandon the Hanoverian n preoccupations of his predecessors. The chief minister chosen to implement his new system of politics, the third earl of Bute (1713-92), however, was an unpracticed politician who merely y succeeded in disrupting the established politics of the day without creating a viable alternative. The result was 10 years of ministerial instability and public controversy, which ended only in 1770with the appointment of Frederick, Lord North, an able and congenial minister. Although never an autocratic monarch in the sense that his opponents contended, George III was always a powerful force in politics. He was a strong supporter of the war against America, and he viewed the concession of independence in 1783 with such detestation that he considered abdicating his throne. At the same time he fought a bitter personal feud with the Whig leader Charles James Fox, and his personal intervention brought the fall of the Fox-North ministry in 1783. He then found another minister, William Pitt, the Younger, who suited him. Even as late as 1801he preferred, however, to force Pitt to resign as prime minister rather than permit Catholic Emancipation, a measure that he interpreted as contrary to his coronation oath to uphold the Church of England. After 1801 George III was increasingly incapacitated by an illness, sometimes identified as porphyria, that caused blindness and senility. His recurring bouts of insanity became a political problem and ultimately compelled him to submit to the establishment of a formal Regency in 1811.The regent was his oldest son, the future George IV, one of 15 children borne him by his wife, Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. George III was bitterly criticized by Whig historians of his own and later days. But 20th-century scholarship has somewhat redressed the balance, and he is now seen as a strong-minded but public-spirited monarch who perhaps ascended the throne at an overly young and impressionabl e age. He learned quickly, however, and developed into a shrewd and sensible statesman, although one of conservative views. To the court he brought a sense of public duty and private morality that proved popular in a society already being transformed by the evangelical revival. He showed considerable interest in agricultural improvement and was an avid collector of paintings and books. The best loved of the Hanoverian rulers, he enjoyed a personal reputation that stood his house in good stead during the disastrous reign of his son George. George III died on J an. 29, 1820.1 He became the father of George Rex in 1750.1 George III's father Prince Frederick Lewis (of Wales) died on 31 March 1751 at Leicester House, London, England.1,2 King George III Hanover of England became King of England in 1760 replacing King George II (of England).2 King George III Hanover of England became the father of King George IV Hanover of England on 12 August 1762.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Duke Frederick Hanover of York on 16 August 1763.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of King William IV (Henry) Hanover of England on 21 August 1765.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Charlotte Augusta Matilda Hanover on 29 September 1766.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Edward Augustus (of Hanover) on 2 November 1767.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Augusta Sophia Hanover on 8 November 1768.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Elizabeth Hanover on 22 May 1770.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of King Ernest Augustus I (of Hanover) on 5 June 1771.1 George III's son was married at wedding of George Rex and Margaret Kepler in 1772 in Bucks Couny, Pennsylvania.1 George III's mother Augusta (of Saxe-Gotha-Altenberg) died on 8 February 1772 at Carlton House, Westminster, Middlesex, England.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Duke Augustus Frederick (of Sussex) on 27 January 1773.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of John Stuart Talbot on 27 April 1773.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Duke Adolphus Hanover of Cambridge on 24 February 1774.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Mary Hanover on 25 April 1776.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Sophia Hanover on 2 November 1777.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Octavius Hanover on 23 February 1779.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Alfred Hanover on 22 September 1780.1 George III's son Octavius Hanover died on 3 May 1783 at Kew Palace.1 King George III Hanover of England became the father of Amelia Hanover on 7 August 1783.1 George III's son Alfred Hanover died on 20 August 1783 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.1 George III's daughter Amelia Hanover died on 2 November 1810 in Windsor, Berkshire, England.1 George III's son was married at wedding of Edward Augustus (of Hanover) and Victoria Mary Louisa (of Saxe-Coburg) on 11 July 1818 in England.1,2 King George III Hanover of England became a widower with the death of his wife, Sophia Charlotte (of Mecklenburg-Strelitz) on 17 November 1818 at Kew Palace, Kew, at age 74.1 King George III Hanover of England was replaced as King of England by King George IV Hanover of England in 1820.2 George III's son Edward Augustus (of Hanover) died on 23 January 1820 in Sidmouth, Devon, England.1,2

Family 1

Hannah Lightfoot b. 12 October 1730
Child

Family 2

Sophia Charlotte (of Mecklenburg-Strelitz) b. 19 May 1744, d. 17 November 1818
Children

Family 3

Margaret Frances Sheldon b. circa 1742, d. 14 May 1846
Child
ChartsEnglish Royalty
English Royalty (Indented)
Last Edited17 Aug 2003

Citations

  1. [S227] Samuel H. Sloan, ROYALFAM.GED (461 Peachstone Terrace, San Rafael CA: n.pub.). There are some wild errors in the data.
  2. [S211] The Hanoverians 1714-1837, online http://www.royal.gov.uk/history/trees/hanover.pdf. Hereinafter cited as The Hanoverians.