- [S141] Algernon A. Aspinwall, "Grandchildren of the Passengers on the Mayflower," NGS Quarterly, Vol 4, No 3 (Oct 1915): Vol 4, pg 40. Hereinafter cited as "Mayflower Grandchildren."
- [S173] Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony, Its History & People (via WFT 1, Tree 4114) (Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry Publishing, 1986) . Hereinafter cited as Plymouth Colony.
- [S142] Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins, Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Vol I-III, CD-ROM (n.p.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2000), Richard Sparrow. Hereinafter cited as The Great Migration Begins.